References

Abresch, William. 2005. “A Human Rights Law of Internal Armed Conflict: The European Court of Human Rights in Chechnya.” European Journal of International Law 16 (4):741–67.

Agar, Jon. 2003. The Government Machine: A Revolutionary History of the Computer. MIT Press.

Andrade, Dale. 2008. “Westmoreland Was Right: Learning the Wrong Lessons from the Vietnam War.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 19 (2). Routledge:145–81. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592310802061349.

Andrade, Dale, and James H. Willbanks. 2006. “CORDS/Phoenix: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Vietnam for the Future.” Military Review, 9–23.

Ang, Cheng Guan. 2002. The Vietnam War from the Other Side. Routledge.

Armony, Ariel C. 2005. “Producing and Exporting State Terror: The Case of Argentina.” In When States Kill: Latin America, the U.s., and Technologies of Terror, edited by Cecilia Menjívar and Néstor Rodríguez, 305–31. University of Texas Press.

Aronson, Jay D. 2013. “The Politics of Civilian Casualty Counts.” In Counting Civilian Casualties: An Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict, edited by Taylor B. Seybolt, Jay D. Aronson, and Baruch Fischhoff. Oxford University Press.

Arreguín-Toft, Ivan. 2001. “How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict.” International Security 26 (1):93–128. https://doi.org/10.1162/016228801753212868.

Aylwin-Foster, Nigel R.F. 2005. “Changing the Army for Counterinsurgency Operations.” Military Review 135 (6, November-December).

Baaz, Maria Eriksson, and Maria Stern. 2008. “Making Sense of Violence: Voices of Soldiers in the Congo (Drc).” The Journal of Modern African Studies 46 (1). Cambridge University Press:57–86. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X07003072.

———. 2009. “Why Do Soldiers Rape? Masculinity, Violence, and Sexuality in the Armed Forces in the Congo (Drc).” International Studies Quarterly 53 (2). [Oxford University Press, Wiley, The International Studies Association]:495–518. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27735106.

Barkawi, Tarak. 2016. “Decolonising War.” European Journal of International Security 1 (2):199–214.

Bennett, Huw. 2007. “The Other Side of the Coin: Minimum and Exemplary Force in British Army Counterinsurgency in Kenya.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 18 (4). Routledge:638–64. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592310701778514.

Berdal, Mats. 2018. “The State of Un Peacekeeping: Lessons from Congo.” Journal of Strategic Studies 41 (5). Routledge:721–50. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2016.1215307.

Bergman, Ronen. 2018. Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel’s Targeted Assassinations. Random House.

Berman, Roger S., Maureen R. Clark. 1981–1982. “State Terrorism: Disappearances.” Rutgers Law Journal 13:531.

Blakeley, Ruth. 2011. “Dirty Hands, Clean Conscience? The Cia Inspector General’s Investigation of ‘Enhanced Interrogation Techniques’ in the War on Terror and the Torture Debate.” Journal of Human Rights 10 (4). Taylor & Francis:544–61.

Bohnenberger, Fabian. 2017. “The Proliferation of Cyber-Surveillance Technologies: Challenges and Prospects for Strengthened Export Controls.” Strategic Trade Review 4:81–102.

Bradley, Curtis A., and Jack L. Goldsmith. 2016. “Obama’s Aumf Legacy.” American Journal of International Law 110 (4). Cambridge University Press:628–45.

Branch, Daniel. 2010. “Footprints in the Sand: British Colonial Counterinsurgency and the War in Iraq.” Politics & Society 38 (1):15–34. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032329209357882.

Breckenridge, Keith. 2014. Biometric State. Cambridge University Press.

Brysk, Alison. 1994. “The Politics of Measurement: The Contested Count of the Disappeared in Argentina.” Human Rights Quarterly 16:676.

Butler, Judith. 2016. Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? London: Verso. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/kcl/detail.action?docID=5177313.

Buzan, Barry. 2007. People, States & Fear: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era. Second. ECPR Press.

Buzan, Barry, and Lene Hansen. 2009. The Evolution of International Security Studies. Cambridge University Press.

Byman, Daniel. 2016. “‘Death Solves All Problems’: The Authoritarian Model of Counterinsurgency.” Journal of Strategic Studies 39 (1). Routledge:62–93. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2015.1068166.

Byrne, Jonny, and Cathy Gormley-Heenan. 2014. “Beyond the Walls: Dismantling Belfast’s Conflict Architecture.” City 18 (4-5). Routledge:447–54. https://doi.org/10.1080/13604813.2014.939465.

Campbell, Colm, and Ita Connelly. 2003. “A Model for the ’War Against Terrorism’? Military Intervention in Northern Ireland and the 1970 Falls Curfew.” Journal of Law and Society 30 (3). Wiley Online Library:341–75.

Carayannis, Tatiana. 2003. “The Complex Wars of the Congo: Towards a New Analytic Approach.” Journal of Asian and African Studies 38 (2-3):232–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/002190960303800206.

Carlson, Eric Stener. 2000. “The Influence of French "Revolutionary War" Ideology on the Use of Torture in Argentina’s "Dirty War".” Human Rights Review 1 (4):71–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12142-000-1044-5.

Carvin, Stephanie. 2012. “The Trouble with Targeted Killing.” Security Studies 21 (3). Taylor & Francis:529–55.

Catton, Philip E. 1999. “Counter-Insurgency and Nation Building: The Strategic Hamlet Programme in South Vietnam, 1961–1963.” The International History Review 21 (4). Routledge:918–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.1999.9640883.

Chesney, Robert. 2010. “Who May Be Killed? Anwar Al-Awlaki as a Case Study in the International Legal Regulation of Lethal Force.” Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 13. Cambridge University Press:3–60.

Chin, Warren. 2007. “Examining the Application of British Counterinsurgency Doctrine by the American Army in Iraq.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 18 (1). Routledge:1–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592310601173204.

Clark, John F. 2011. “A Constructivist Account of the Congo Wars.” African Security 4 (3). Routledge:147–70. https://doi.org/10.1080/19392206.2011.599262.

Clodfelter, Mark. 2006. The Limits of Air Power: The American Bombing of North Vietnam. University of Nebraska Press.

Clutterbuck, Lindsay. 2006. “Countering Irish Republican Terrorism in Britain: Its Origin as a Police Function.” Terrorism and Political Violence 18 (1). Taylor & Francis:95–118. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546550500383175.

Cohon, Rachel. 2018. “Hume’s Moral Philosophy.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta, Fall 2018. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2018/entries/hume-moral/; Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.

Coker, Christopher. 2009. War in an Age of Risk. Polity.

Crawford, Neta. 2013. Accountability for Killing: Moral Responsibility for Collateral Damage in America’s Post-9/11 Wars. Oxford University Press.

Davenport, Christian. 2007a. State Repression and the Domestic Democratic Peace. Cambridge University Press.

———. 2007b. “State Repression and Political Order.” Annual Review of Political Science 10 (1). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews:1–23. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.10.101405.143216.

Davis, Laura. 2013. “Power Shared and Justice Shelved: The Democratic Republic of Congo.” The International Journal of Human Rights 17 (2). Routledge:289–306. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2013.752948.

DeNicola, Daniel R. 2017. Understanding Ignorance: The Surprising Impact of What We Don’t Know. MIT Press.

Dillon, Martin. 1999. The Dirty War. Routledge.

Disappeared, Argentine National Commission on. 1986. “Nunca Mas: The Report of the Argentine National Commission on the Disappeared.” Faber; Faber.

Dixon, Paul. 2008. Northern Ireland: The Politics of War and Peace. Palgrave Macmillan.

Dongala, Emmanuel. 2006. Johnny Mad Dog. Picador.

Downes, Chris. 2004. “’Targeted Killings’ in an Age of Terror: The Legality of the Yemen Strike.” Journal of Conflict and Security Law 9 (2). OUP:277–94. https://doi.org/10.1093/jcsl/9.2.277.

Dudziak, Mary L. 2010. “Law, War, and the History of Time.” California Law Review 98 (5). California Law Review, Inc.:1669–1709. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25799950.

Earl, Jennifer. 2011. “Political Repression: Iron Fists, Velvet Gloves, and Diffuse Control.” Annual Review of Sociology 37 (1). Annual Review:261–84. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.012809.102609.

Edwards, Lilian. 2010. “Pornography, Censorship and the Internet.” In Law and the Internet, edited by Lilian Edwards and Charlotte Waelde, Third. Hart Publishing.

Elsea, Jennifer K. 2003. “Presidential Authority to Detain "Enemy Combatants".” Presidential Studies Quarterly 33 (3). Wiley:568–601. https://doi.org/10.1111/1741-5705.00007.

———. 2014. Detention of U.s. Persons as Enemy Belligerents. Congressional Research Service. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R42337.pdf.

Etzioni, Amitai. 2015. “COIN: A Study of Strategic Illusion.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 26 (3). Routledge:345–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2014.982882.

Farrell, Henry, and Abraham L. Newman. 2019. “Weaponized Interdependence: How Global Economic Networks Shape State Coercion.” International Security 44 (1):42–79. https://doi.org/10.1162/isec_a_00351 .

Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change.” International Organization 52 (4). [MIT Press, University of Wisconsin Press, Cambridge University Press, International Organization Foundation]:887–917. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2601361.

Fisher, Louis. 2013. Presidential War Power. Third. University Press of Kansas.

Freedman, Lawrence. 2015. Strategy: A History. Oxford University Press.

French, David. 2012. “Nasty Not Nice: British Counter-Insurgency Doctrine and Practice, 1945–1967.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 23 (4-5):744–61.

Fricker, Miranda. 2007. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford University Press.

Frowe, Helen. 2015. The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction. Routledge.

Geis, Anna, and Carmen Wunderlich. 2014. “The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Comparing the Notions of ‘Rogue’ and ‘Evil’ in International Politics.” International Politics 51 (4):458–74. https://doi.org/10.1057/ip.2014.19.

Gentile, Gian. 2014. “The Conceit of American Counter-Insurgency.” In The New Counter-Insurgency Era in Critical Perspective, edited by Celeste Ward Gventer, David Martin Jones, and M. L. R. Smith, 240–56. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137336941_13.

Girard, Philippe R. 2005. “Caribbean Genocide: Racial War in Haiti, 1802–4.” Patterns of Prejudice 39 (2). Routledge:138–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313220500106196.

Glancy, Dorothy J. 1979. “The Invention of the Right to Privacy.” Arizona Law Review 21. HeinOnline.

Goede, Marieke de, and Gavin Sullivan. 2016. “The Politics of Security Lists.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 34 (1):67–88. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263775815599309.

Gottschall, Jonathan. 2004. “Explaining Wartime Rape.” The Journal of Sex Research 41 (2). Taylor & Francis:129–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490409552221.

Gray, Colin S. 2010. The Strategy Bridge: Theory for Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579662.001.0001.

Greene, Joshua David. 2014. Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them. Penguin.

Greenwood, Christopher. 1987. “The Concept of War in Modern International Law.” International and Comparative Law Quarterly 36 (2). Cambridge University Press:283–306. https://doi.org/10.1093/iclqaj/36.2.283.

Grossmann, Atina. 1995. “A Question of Silence: The Rape of German Women by Occupation Soldiers.” October 72. The MIT Press:43–63. http://www.jstor.org/stable/778926.

Gustafsson, Karl, and Linus Hagström. 2018. “What Is the Point? Teaching Graduate Students How to Construct Political Science Research Puzzles.” European Political Science 17 (4):634–48. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41304-017-0130-y.

Hack, Karl. 2012a. “Using and Abusing the Past: The Malayan Emergency as Counterinsurgency Paradigm.” In The British Approach to Counterinsurgency: From Malaya and Northern Ireland to Iraq and Afghanistan, edited by Paul Dixon, 207–42. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137284686_7.

———. 2012b. “Everyone Lived in Fear: Malaya and the British Way of Counter-Insurgency.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 23 (4-5). Taylor & Francis:671–99. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2012.709764.

Herr, Michael. 1991. Dispatches. Picador.

Heuser, Beatrice. 2010. The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking War from Antiquity to the Present. Cambridge University Press.

Hewitt, Christopher. 1981. “Catholic Grievances, Catholic Nationalism and Violence in Northern Ireland During the Civil Rights Period: A Reconsideration.” The British Journal of Sociology 32 (3). Wiley:362–80. http://www.jstor.org/stable/589283.

Higgs, Edward. 2001. “The Rise of the Information State: The Development of Central State Surveillance of the Citizen in England, 1500-2000.” Journal of Historical Sociology 14 (2). Wiley:175–97. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6443.00141.

Hollander, Nancy Caro. 1996. “The Gendering of Human Rights: Women and the Latin American Terrorist State.” Feminist Studies 22 (1). Feminist Studies, Inc.:41–80. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3178246.

Hurrell, Andrew. 2005. “Legitimacy and the Use of Force: Can the Circle Be Squared?” In Force and Legitimacy in World Politics, edited by David Armstrong, Theo Farrell, and Bice Maiguashca. Cambridge University Press.

Jabri, Vivienne. 2010. War and the Transformation of Global Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/kcl/detail.action?docID=293437.

Jackson, Brian A. 2007. “Counterinsurgency Intelligence in a "Long War".” Military Review, nos. January-February:74–85.

Jackson, John. 2009. “Many Years on in Northern Ireland: The Diplock Legacy Rights and Justice: Essays in Honour of Professor Tom Hadden.” Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 60:213.

Johnsen, Dawn. 2017. “The Lawyers’ War: Counterterrorism from Bush to Obama to Trump.” Foreign Affairs 96. Council on Foreign Relations:148.

Johnson, Loch K. 2017. National Security Intelligence. Second. Polity.

Jones, David Martin, M. L.R. Smith, and John Stone. 2012. “Counter-Coin: Counterinsurgency and the Preemption of Strategy.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 35 (9). Routledge:597–617. https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2012.702668.

Jordan, Javier. 2014. “The Effectiveness of the Drone Campaign Against Al Qaeda Central: A Case Study.” Journal of Strategic Studies 37 (1). Taylor & Francis:4–29.

Kaldor, Mary. 2012. New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era. Third. Polity. http://kcl.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1184140.

Kalmanowiecki, Laura. 2000. “Origins and Applications of Political Policing in Argentina.” Latin American Perspectives 27 (2):36–56. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094582X0002700203.

Kalyvas, Stathis N. 2006. The Logic of Violence in Civil War. Cambridge University Press.

Kalyvas, Stathis N., and Matthew Adam Kocher. 2007. “Ethnic Cleavages and Irregular War: Iraq and Vietnam.” Politics & Society 35 (2):183–223. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032329207302403.

Karstedt, Susanne. 2013. “Contextualizing Mass Atrocity Crimes: Moving Toward a Relational Approach.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 9 (1):383–404. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-102612-134016.

Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline. 2014. The Origins of the Present Troubles in Northern Ireland. Routledge.

Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline, and Andrew Mumford. 2007. “Torture, Rights, Rules and Wars: Ireland to Iraq.” International Relations 21 (1). Sage:119–26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047117807073772.

Kennedy‐Pipe, Caroline, and Colin McInnes. 1997. “The British Army in Northern Ireland 1969–1972: From Policing to Counter‐terror.” Journal of Strategic Studies 20 (2). Routledge:1–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402399708437676.

Kilcullen, David. 2006. “Counter-Insurgency Redux.” Survival 48 (4). Routledge:111–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/00396330601062790.

Lazar, Seth. 2017. “Just War Theory: Revisionists Versus Traditionalists.” Annual Review of Political Science 20 (1):37–54. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-060314-112706.

Levie, Howard S. 1968. “Maltreatment of Prisoners of War in Vietnam.” Boston University Law Review 48:323.

Lew, Ilan. 2013. “’Barbarity’ and ’Civilization’ According to Perpetrators of State Violence During the Last Dictatorship in Argentina.” Política Y Sociedad 50 (2):501–15. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_POSO.2013.v50.n2.40018.

Lewis, Paul H. 2002. Guerrillas and Generals: The "Dirty War" in Argentina. Greenwood Publishing Group.

Long, Austin. 2016. The Soul of Armies: Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Military Culture in the Us and Uk. Cornell University Press.

Luban, David. 2005. “Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb.” Virginia Law Review 91. Virginia Law Review Association:1425–61.

Lubell, Noam. 2005. “Challenges in Applying Human Rights Law to Armed Conflict.” International Review of the Red Cross 87 (860):737–54.

MacDonald, Paul K. 2013. “‘Retribution Must Succeed Rebellion’: The Colonial Origins of Counterinsurgency Failure.” International Organization 67 (2). Cambridge University Press:253–86. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020818313000027.

MacKenzie, S. P. 1994. “The Treatment of Prisoners of War in World War Ii.” The Journal of Modern History 66 (3). University of Chicago Press:487–520. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2124482.

Macmaster, Neil. 2004. “Torture: From Algiers to Abu Ghraib.” Race & Class 46 (2):1–21. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306396804047722.

Maréchal, Nathalie. 2017. “Networked Authoritarianism and the Geopolitics of Information: Understanding Russian Internet Policy.” Media and Communication 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v5i1.808.

Matti, Stephanie A. 2010. “The Democratic Republic of the Congo? Corruption, Patronage, and Competitive Authoritarianism in the Drc.” Africa Today 56 (4). Indiana University Press:42–61. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2979/aft.2010.56.4.42.

McCleery, Martin J. 2015. Operation Demetrius and Its Aftermath: A New History of the Use of Internment Without Trial in Northern Ireland 1971-75. Manchester University Press.

McCollum, James K. 1983. “The Cords Pacffication Organization in Vietnam: A Civilian-Military Effort.” Armed Forces & Society 10 (1):105–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095327X8301000105.

McDonald, Jack. 2017. Enemies Known and Unknown: Targeted Killings in America’s Transnational Wars. Oxford University Press.

———. 2019a. “Rational Nescience or Strategic Ignorance? Epistemic Approaches to Civilian Casualty Reporting in Contemporary Conflicts.” Working Paper.

———. 2019b. “The Strategic Consequences of Everyday Autonomous Recognition Systems.” Working Paper.

———. 2019c. “War and Privacy Rights.” Working Paper.

McLeod, Mark W. 1999. “Indigenous Peoples and the Vietnamese Revolution, 1930-1975.” Journal of World History 10 (2). University of Hawai’i Press:353–89. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20078784.

McWilliams, Monica. 1997. “Violence Against Women and Political Conflict: The Northern Ireland Experience.” Critical Criminology 8 (1). Springer:78–92.

Meagher, Kate. 2012. “The Strength of Weak States? Non-State Security Forces and Hybrid Governance in Africa.” Development and Change 43 (5):1073–1101. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2012.01794.x.

Milanović, Marko. 2009. “A Norm Conflict Perspective on the Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law.” Journal of Conflict & Security Law 14 (3):459–83.

Miller, Edward. 2015. “Religious Revival and the Politics of Nation Building: Reinterpreting the 1963 ‘Buddhist Crisis’ in South Vietnam.” Modern Asian Studies 49 (6). Cambridge University Press:1903–62. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X12000935.

Miller, William Ian. 2005. Eye for an Eye. Cambridge University Press.

Mockaitis, Thomas R. 1990. “The Origins of British Counter‐insurgency.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 1 (3). Routledge:209–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592319008422956.

———. 1993. “Low-Intensity Conflict: The British Experience.” Journal of Conflict Studies 13 (1). https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/JCS/article/view/15092.

Moran, Jon. 2010. “Evaluating Special Branch and the Use of Informant Intelligence in Northern Ireland.” Intelligence and National Security 25 (1). Taylor & Francis:1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/02684521003588070.

Murray, C J L, G King, A D Lopez, N Tomijima, and E G Krug. 2002. “Armed Conflict as a Public Health Problem.” BMJ 324 (7333). BMJ Publishing Group Ltd:346–49. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.324.7333.346.

Nagl, John A. 2015. “COIN Fights: A Response to Etzioni.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 26 (3). Routledge:377–82. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592318.2014.982935.

Neely, Mark E. 1991. “Was the Civil War a Total War?” Civil War History 37 (1). The Kent State University Press:5–28. https://doi.org/10.1353/cwh.1991.0017.

Neff, Stephen C. 2014. Justice Among Nations. Harvard University Press.

Newsinger, John. 1995. “From Counter-Insurgency to Internal Security: Northern Ireland 1969-1992.” Small Wars & Insurgencies 6 (1). Taylor & Francis:88–111. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592319508423100.

Ninh, Bao. 1994. The Sorrow of War. Vintage Classics.

Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. 2002. The Congo from Leopold to Kabila: A People’s History. Zed Books.

Oakford, Samuel. 2018. Credibility Gap – Uk Civilian Harm Assessments for the Battles of Mosul and Raqqa. Airwars. https://airwars.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/UK-Inquiry-into-Mosul-and-Raqqa-2018.pdf.

Omand, David. 2010. Securing the State. London: Hurst & Company. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/kcl/detail.action?docID=4413931.

Osiel, Mark J. 2001. “Constructing Subversion in Argentina’s Dirty War.” Representations 75 (1). University of California Press:119–58. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/rep.2001.75.1.119.

Osterhammel, Jürgen. 2015. The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press. http://kcl.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1577199.

Parsons, Christopher, Adam Molnar, Jakub Dalek, Jeffrey Knockel, Miles Kenyon, Bennett Haselton, Cynthia Khoo, and Ronald Deibert. 2019. “The Predator in Your Pocket: A Multidisciplinary Assessment of the Stalkerware Application Industry.” Citizenlab.

Paul, Christopher, Colin P. Clarke, Beth Grill, and Molly Dunigan. 2013a. Paths to Victory: Detailed Insurgency Case Studies. RAND Corporation.

———. 2013b. Paths to Victory: Lessons from Modern Insurgencies. RAND Corporation.

Petraeus, David H., James F. Amos, and John A. Nagl. 2007. FM3-24 Counterinsurgency. 2nd ed. University of Chicago Press.

Pfaff, Steven. 2001. “The Limits of Coercive Surveillance: Social and Penal Control in the German Democratic Republic.” Punishment & Society 3 (3):381–407. https://doi.org/10.1177/1462474501003003003.

Pion-Berlin, David. 1988. “The National Security Doctrine, Military Threat Perception, and the ‘Dirty War’ in Argentina.” Comparative Political Studies 21 (3). Sage Publications:382–407.

———. 1989. The Ideology of State Terror: Economic Doctrine and Political Repression in Argentina and Peru. L. Rienner Publishers.

Pion-Berlin, David, and George A. Lopez. 1991. “Of Victims and Executioners: Argentine State Terror, 1975–1979.” International Studies Quarterly 35 (1):63–86. https://doi.org/10.2307/2600389.

Porch, Douglas. 2008. “French Imperial Warfare 1945-62.” In Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare, edited by Daniel Marston and Carter Malkasian. Osprey.

Prados, John. 1999. The Blood Road: The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Vietnam War. Wiley.

Prunier, Gérard. 2008. Africa’s World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe. Oxford University Press.

Reyntjens, Filip. 1999. “Briefing: The Second Congo War: More Than a Remake.” African Affairs 98 (391). [Royal African Society, Oxford University Press]:241–50. http://www.jstor.org/stable/723629.

———. 2009. The Great African War: Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996-2006. Cambridge University Press.

Robben, Antonius CGM. 2012. “From Dirty War to Genocide: Argentina’s Resistance to National Reconciliation.” Memory Studies 5 (3). SAGE Publications:305–15.

Rolston, Bill. 2005. “’An Effective Mask for Terror’: Democracy, Death Squads and Northern Ireland.” Crime, Law and Social Change 44 (2):181–203.

Samset, Ingrid. 2002. “Conflict of Interests or Interests in Conflict? Diamonds & War in the Drc.” Review of African Political Economy 29 (93-94). Routledge:463–80. https://doi.org/10.1080/03056240208704633.

Savage, Charlie. 2015. Power Wars: The Relentless Rise of Presidential Authority and Secrecy. Little, Brown; Company.

Schabas, W. A. 2007. “Origins of the Genocide Convention: From Nuremberg to Paris.” Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, no. 2. HeinOnline:35–56. http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?public=false&handle=hein.journals/cwrint40&id=37.

Schmidt, Manfred G. 2016. “Regime Types: Measuring Democracy and Autocracy.” In Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Political Science, edited by Hans Keman and Jaap J. Woldendorp, 111. Edward Elgar.

Schmitt, Carl. 2007. Theory of the Partisan. New York: Telos Press,U.S.

Schmitt, Michael N. 2014. “Charting the Legal Geography of Non-International Armed Conflict.” International Law Studies 90:1–19.

Schulze, Matthias. 2017. “Clipper Meets Apple Vs. FBI—a Comparison of the Cryptography Discourses from 1993 and 2016.” Media and Communication 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v5i1.805.

Scott, James C. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. Yale University Press.

Sepp, Kalev I. 2005. “Best Practices in Counterinsurgency.” Military Review 135 (3, May-June).

Smis, Stefaan, and Wamu Oyatambwe. 2002. “Complex Political Emergencies, the International Community & the Congo Conflict.” Review of African Political Economy 29 (93-94). Routledge:411–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/03056240208704630.

Smith, Iain R., and Andreas Stucki. 2011. “The Colonial Development of Concentration Camps (1868-1902).” The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 39 (3). Taylor & Francis:417–37. https://doi.org/10.1080/03086534.2011.598746.

Smith, M. L. R., and Sophie Roberts. 2008. “War in the Gray: Exploring the Concept of Dirty War.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 31 (5):377–98.

Snyder, Frederick E. 1984. “State of Siege and Rule of Law in Argentina: The Politics and Rhetoric of Vindication.” Lawyer of the Americas 15:503.

Solis, Gary D. 2016. The Law of Armed Conflict: International Humanitarian Law in War. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Steyn, Johan. 2004. “Guantanamo Bay: The Legal Black Hole.” International & Comparative Law Quarterly 53 (1). Cambridge University Press:1–15.

Strachan, Hew. 2007. “British Counter-Insurgency from Malaya to Iraq.” The RUSI Journal 152 (6). Routledge:8–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/03071840701863018.

Tansi, Sony Labou. 2011. Life and a Half: A Novel. Indiana University Press.

Tétreault, Mary Ann. 2006. “The Sexual Politics of Abu Ghraib: Hegemony, Spectacle, and the Global War on Terror.” NWSA Journal. JSTOR, 33–50.

Timmons, Mark. 2013. Moral Theory: An Introduction. Second. Rowman & Littlefield.

Tufekci, Zeynep. 2017. Twitter and Tear Gas: The Power and Fragility of Networked Protest. Yale University Press.

Ucko, David H. 2016. “’The People Are Revolting’: An Anatomy of Authoritarian Counterinsurgency.” Journal of Strategic Studies 39 (1). Taylor & Francis:29–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2015.1094390.

Van Schaack, Beth. 1999. “The Definition of Crimes Against Humanity: Resolving the Incoherence.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, no. 3. HeinOnline. http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?public=false&handle=hein.journals/cjtl37&id=795.

Verweijen, Judith. 2013. “Military Business and the Business of the Military in the Kivus.” Review of African Political Economy 40 (135). Taylor & Francis:67–82.

Wainaina, Binyavanga. 2005. “How to Write About Africa.” Granta 92.

Walen, Alec. 2016. “Retributive Justice.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta, Winter 2016. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/justice-retributive/; Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.

Walzer, Michael. 2015. Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. Fifth. Basic Books.

Weaver, Gina Marie. 2012. Ideologies of Forgetting: Rape in the Vietnam War. SUNY Press.

Welch, Kyle. 2015. “The Patriot Act and Crisis Legislation: The Unintended Consequences of Disaster Lawmaking.” Capital University Law Review 43:481.

Wingfield, Thomas C. 1998. “Taking Aim at Regime Elites: Assassination, Tyrannicide, and the Clancy Doctrine.” Maryland Journal of International Law & Trade 22:287–317.

Wolfendale, Jessica. 2009. “The Myth of "Torture Lite".” Ethics & International Affairs 23 (1). Cambridge University Press:47–61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7093.2009.00189.x.

Woods, Chris. 2016. Limited Accountability: A Transparency Audit of the Coalition Air War Against so-Called Islamic State. Airwars. https://airwars.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Airwars-report_Web-FINAL1.compressed.pdf.

Wright, Evan. 2009. Generation Kill. Corgi.

Zarusky, Jürgen. 2002. “’That Is Not the American Way of Fighting:’ The Shooting of Captured Ss-Men During the Liberation of Dachau.” In Dachau and the Nazi Terror Ii: 1933–1945 Studies and Reports, edited by Wolfgang Benz and Barbara Distel, 133–60. Dachau.